I learned that in Japanese you can put a sentence in front of a noun without の: like "買った本" or "もらったプレゼント".

In a JLPT N3 sample question I encountered "オープンしたばかりのレストラン". Could I omit the の and just say "オープンしたばかりレストラン"?



When you're modifying a noun with a verb phrase (e.g., 美智子が買った本), no particle is used between the verb phrase and the modified noun. However, ばかり acts like a noun, and when you're modifying a noun with a noun phrase in Japanese, the の particle is required. If it's helpful, think of オープンしたばかりのレストラン as the same construction as:


Whether ばかり is actually a noun is an interesting question. (It seems to me that it is, but I'm not sure.)

  • I am aware that noun + の + noun. However, according to jisho.org, ばかり is a particle. And オープンしたばかり seems to be a complete sentence to me. So after your explanation my confusion still stands.
    – dgg32
    Jul 29 '18 at 17:38
  • 3
    オープンしたばかり is a complete sentence only in the sense that you can drop the だ from the end of a sentence and have it still sound natural in some contexts. I'd say ばかり is an adverbial noun like 場合; it operates like a noun and requires の to modify a noun. There really isn't more to it than that, I'm afraid. It's not a verb and can't directly modify a noun the way a verb phrase or い-adjective can.
    – mamster
    Jul 29 '18 at 23:18
  • I've never heard ばかり defined as a particle...
    – istrasci
    Aug 28 '18 at 18:15
  • 1
    @istrasci If you check just about any monolingual dictionary, you'll find it listed as a 副助詞, and then you will have heard of it.
    – user1478
    Aug 28 '18 at 18:39

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