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Do Japanese ever assign a name to a typhoon, or are they always numbered? In most countries the name is more commonly used.

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Yes, they are named according to the conventions, but colloquially they are more or less always referred to by their ordinal number (reset every year).

The only place I personally can remember having seen the names mentioned in Japanese is on the website of Japan's Meteorological Agency (JMA). See e.g. this one:

台風第{たいふうだい}12号{ごう} (ジョンダリ)

http://www.jma.go.jp/jp/typh/

The JMA has the official responsibility of naming Typhoons in the vicinity of Japan, where they cycle through a list of names. However there is also the PAGASA (Philippines) "unofficially" naming some of them. For details, please see the extensive Wiki article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_cyclone_naming#Western_Pacific_Ocean_(180%C2%B0_%E2%80%93_100%C2%B0E)

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  • Numbered domestically and named internationally?
    – Jack Bosma
    Commented Jul 27, 2018 at 14:53
  • They are named and numbered by the JMA. I am not sure I understand your question.
    – a20
    Commented Jul 27, 2018 at 14:54
  • It seems like the use of a number is more common in Japan.
    – Jack Bosma
    Commented Jul 27, 2018 at 14:59

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