5

サクランボ means cherry in English.

However, it is different from the direct conversion of cherry, チェリー.

What is the origin of this word?

Which language does it originate?

9

From Japanese (and perhaps some Chinese)

There is no borrowing here, as the opening part explicitly shows Japanese sakura. The etymology is, as most often assumed,

さくらんぼ < 桜{さくら}の坊{ボウ}

, where 坊 ‘monk’ could refer to the cherries being as smooth as a monk’s shaven head. The word is still spelt 桜ん坊 in Kanji, so there is nothing really surprising here beyond kun plus on compound.

  • 1
    The OP also asked for how it is different from チェリー. – ajsmart Jul 27 '18 at 14:05
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    @ajsmart: Answers do not need to resolve every part of the question (i.e., partial answers are OK). – istrasci Jul 27 '18 at 22:42
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    This answers my question very well. I was hypothesizing that the word came from another language. The origin of this word is far more interesting than I originally thought. ありがとうございます。 – Tim F. Jul 28 '18 at 3:29
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    In this case, 坊 is not monk but a child or a baby. ウリ坊 is a wild boar baby. It has nothing to do with a monk’s shaven head. – ttt Jul 30 '18 at 16:52
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    Monk's head, baby, they're both theories...If the experts aren't sure, how come everyone is stating it like fact without citing some kind of source. gogen-allguide.com/sa/sakuranbo.html 諸説あり – By137 Jul 30 '18 at 17:02

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