Does 織機 mean the device, while means the concept?

Or maybe one of them is more formal than the other?

  • What has your dictionary told you so far? – ajsmart Jul 26 '18 at 21:09
  • They both mean "loom", and that's it. – blaoi Jul 26 '18 at 21:13

Both refer to the device of weaving, but modern automatic power-looms are usually called 織機 (しょっき) or 織布機 (しょくふき). Traditional, manual looms are typically called 機 (はた) or 機織り機 (はたおりき) in novels and fairy tales. In academic contexts they're called 織機 anyway (see Japanese Wikipedia on 織機).

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