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OK so I understand that to say "He is lying to me", you would say:

彼は私に嘘をついている。

My question is how would i say "The person he is lying to is me."

or from "I gave the book to my brother"

兄さんに本をあげた。

"the person who i gave the book to is my older brother"

  • Japanese relative clause is simpler than the English equivalent, but can be ambiguous, too. 本をあげた人は兄さんだ can mean both "The person who I gave the book is my brother" (兄さん = receiver) and "The person who gave the book (to someone else) is my brother" (兄さん = giver) depending on the context. – naruto Jul 10 '18 at 6:09