In this sentence: 苦学し、何浪もして東大に合格, I can't find the meaning? WhenI search up 浪 via Japanese dictionary, it says 'waves' and 苦学 is 'paying one's own school expenses by working​'.

  • Provide the whole sentence please.
    – Jack Bosma
    Jul 9, 2018 at 11:30
  • 3
    @jack It actually makes sense the way it is. Not that it ever hurts to add more context, of course…
    – user1478
    Jul 9, 2018 at 11:43
  • @JACK It is the whole sentence.... Jul 10, 2018 at 1:57

1 Answer 1


苦学する has a second meaning: "to study under adversity"

何浪も means being/doing many times 浪人(it is constructed with the same structure that 何回も("many times").

浪人 means "waiting for another chance to enter university after having failed the yearly entrance examination​" (it can refer to the action or to the person doing this action)

So「苦学し、何浪もして東大に合格」means "Succeed to enter Toudai by studying under adversity and being rounin many times."

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