Could somebody explain me the difference between その上 and 上に?

In "A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar" it is written that they can be used interchangeably, but I am not sure if it meant that they are always interchangeable or that there are cases where they can be used indifferently.

  • 4
    @ericfromabeno Please don't try to answer questions in the comments section.
    – user1478
    Commented Jun 18, 2018 at 16:02

1 Answer 1


その上 is a conjunction that means "in addition (to that)", so it is used like 私は英語が得意、その上、絵も上手.

A noun 上 has many meanings and 上に is "a noun 上 + a particle に". https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/jn/17464/meaning/m0u/ So there are many usages of it.

You can say 私は英語が得意な上に、絵も上手. This meaning is the same as 私は英語が得意、その上、絵も上手.  

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