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Part of a text says the following:

もみじ山は、春、夏、秋、冬、きせつによって、いろいろな花が______ ゆうめいです。

The correct answer is さくことで but I chose さいているところで. My book explains that for the latter to be correct it would have to be ところとしてゆうめい so that 'it can go with the subject もみじ山は'

I have no idea why one is correct and the other isn't. I was hoping somebody might be able to throw some light on it.

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「Phrase/Mini-Sentence + こと + + ゆうめい + だ/です, etc.」 means:

"to be famous for the fact that (phrase/mini-sentence)"

This is why 「~~いろいろな花がさくことでゆうめいです」 is grammatical and natural-sounding.

It is, however, ungrammatical to say:

「Phrase/Mini-Sentence + ところ + + ゆうめい + だ/です, etc.」

just as it is ungrammatical in English to say "to be famous for the place where (phrase/mini-sentence)".

You would want to say "to be famous as the place where (mini-sentence)", wouldn't you? (If I sound as if I were trying to teach English, that is not my intention. In fact, I do not know much English.)

Thus, in Japanese, too, it is only correct to say:

「ところ + + して + ゆうめい + だ/です, etc.」

"famous as the place where ~~~"

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