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I'm trying to say "blessed with many talents", but I am not sure if I am using たくさん correctly here. I am thinking that 「たくさんの才能に恵まれている」 is more grammatically correct but I can't think why. Maybe because たくさん is both an adjective and an adverb, and thus whilst 「たくさん飲んだ」(drank a lot) makes sense, 「たくさん恵まれている」(be blessed a lot) doesn't sound so natural.

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Yes, 才能にたくさん恵まれている is natural. Dictionaries say たくさん is a na-adjective and noun, and often used as an adverb. 

たくさんの才能に恵まれている and 才能にたくさん恵まれている are natural, but I think the latter is used more often. For example, I feel 図書館にはたくさん本がある is more common than 図書館にはたくさんの本がある.

  • 「沢山恵まれている」 sounds like "very blessed". OP is specifically saying "blessed with many talents", so the emphasis of "many" should be placed on "talents", not "blessed", in my opinion. – Halfway Dillitante Apr 7 '18 at 6:36
  • I think 才能にたくさん恵まれている is generally understood as "blessed with many talents". If you want to mean "very blessed with a talent", you can say "ある(その, 一つの)才能にとても恵まれている. – Yuuichi Tam Apr 7 '18 at 7:54
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I haven't seen that exact phrase, but I have seen 「多くの才能に恵まれている」, which is basically the same thing, just a different word for "Many". See here for a discussion on 「たくさん」vs「多い」: Usage of たくさん vs. 多い. They discuss the adverb-adjective issue that you mentioned.

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    多くの才能 sounds like "a lot of (different) talents" to me, while たくさんの才能 sounds more like "a lot of (one) talent". I can't explain why I think that though, might need a native speaker. – Mindful Apr 6 '18 at 5:30
  • @Mindful Weren't you a native speaker? How you felt is valid. However, this example is not convenient to explain things because "talent" is a vague object to rigidly count and the example sentence is not entirely wrong while the one with 多くの is more natural for the meaning of "many". – user4092 Apr 6 '18 at 23:26
  • Maybe I should write some examples here. スマホが多い: Smartphones are popular / preferred スマホがたくさんだ: Look at the piles of smartphones! スマホはたくさんだ: I'm fed up with smartphones – user4092 Apr 6 '18 at 23:55
  • I would appreciate an explanation for the down vote. – Halfway Dillitante Apr 7 '18 at 6:34
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I agree with Halfway Dillitante. 多くの才能に恵まれている sounds right. You can also say 才能にとても恵まれている or たくさんの才能に恵まれている.

Yes, I know why you used たくさん. It can be used as an adjective.

e.g.)

  • お金をたくさんあげた
  • 雨がたくさん降った

However, たくさん恵む somehow sounds unnatural. It's grammatically correct. But still strange. I don't know why. Maybe it's a collocation.

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