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So to say you like something, you you could say:

僕は[blank]がすきです。

and to say something like "I speak Japanese", you could say:

僕は日本語が話します。

So say I wanted to say I like to speak Japanese, how could I combine the two sentences?

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You need to nominalize the verb phrase, because 好き is an adjective and can only modify a noun. The way you do that in Japanese is to add a nominalizer (in this case, の)to the verb phrase:

日本語を話す = I speak Japanese

日本語を話す = the act of speaking Japanese

Now you can put them together and say:

僕は日本語を話すのが好きです。

Literally: "As for me, the act of speaking Japanese is liked." Note that you can only nominalize a verb when it's in a short form, not ます form:

X 僕は日本語を話しますのが好きです。ungrammatical

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