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The sentence 「ここでこなんことをしてられない!」comes from a book I'm reading. I have no idea where してられない comes from. My guess is that it's some colloquial potential form of する or something (there's a song named じっとしてられない), but I might be completely wrong. Can someone please help? Thank you in advance.

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First of all, 「こなん」 should be 「こんな」 unless it is in a dialect I am unfamiliar with.

「ここでこんなことをしてられない!」

「してられない」 is the informal form of 「してられない」= "(I) can't be doing". So, it is the negative, potential and progressive form of 「する」.

In informal speech, the 「い」 is often dropped from phrases such as 「~てる」、「~てた」, etc. Unless you are very new to the language, you must have encountered this phenomenon before.

The sentence, therefore, means:

"I can't be doing something like this here!"

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