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What is the こと in sentences such as あなたのことが好きだ?
What are the guidelines of omitting particles?

It is possible to say both of these:

  • あなたが好きです
  • あなたのこと好きです

The adjective 好き is usually used with the particle が to express what we like. What is the difference between these sentences? and why is the particle can be omitted in the second case?

EDIT

I just saw this question What is the こと in sentences such as あなたのことが好きだ? and it answers my first question, but it doesn't give any hints about the second one.

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    It makes more sense to only vary one thing (Either presence/absence of のこと or が but not both). I think the comparison of あなたが好きです against あなた好きです would be more meaningful. – Flaw May 27 '12 at 11:19
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    好き is not a verb. – user458 May 27 '12 at 11:30
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    I don't think there's anything about the first part that isn't covered in: What is the こと in sentences such as あなたのことが好きだ?, and then the part about particles is covered in the one Flaw links to. – Questioner May 27 '12 at 17:01
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It's common to drop particles in casual speak when there's no ambiguity about what is being said. But strictly speaking, it's not "correct" to drop the particle there.

Also, 好き is a な-adjective, not a verb.

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