1

Saw this in my textbook. The translation is "to preserve food from decay". I get it, but I am not clear about the ず after 腐らせる. Where is it coming from?

2 Answers 2

3

-zu is a negative particle. It is equivalent to the negative -nai. kusarasezu ni means "without letting [it, the food] rot".

1
  • 2
    Perhaps it would be good to have a comparison of ずに with なくて, ないで, ないように etc.
    – Flaw
    May 27, 2012 at 5:15
2

ず is actually a 助動詞 to make a verb negative. It originates in classical Japanese. In earlier times, 知らず was written as 不知 (same as in classical Chinese) literally, not+know.

Frequently used is 残らず、知らず、せず(する)

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .