I have a following sentence (probably):


It's from a manga and the narrator is speaking. I don't EXACTLY know who the narrator is supposed to be. Context wise it's happening on a dying desertified world and a character (character A) just fought a monster caused by the desertification.

On the next page we are then shown seemingly another character (character B) and there the narration boxes seem to stem from them and they are rejecting giving up on the world.

What I'm first wondering is:

1) what is the function of もう here? I know from dictionary that it means now; soon; shortly; before long; presently​, but those are kinda different meanings. So which one would be applicable here. Is it now, or soon so to speak? Or something third.

2) 既に…終わってしまっている this bit. Does it mean together with もう that the world is already completely ending. OR is this more, world as life bearing vessel has no already completely ended, and いる is there just to say that end happened and is continuing to present an into future.

3) I assume と here is some kind of quoting with the verb (presumably think) being left out. Kinda weird for narration.

4) The very next text on the next page is Character B saying:


No way am I just gonna stand by and give up…

Could the と from 3) be some kinda conjunction to this? And this would all be B's narration? I'm thinking no, since A previously did agree that leaving the world would be for the best, so I'm thinking she is saying this world is done for and that is being contrasted with B saying that they won't ever give up.

1 Answer 1

  1. This もう is "already".
    • もう出発する。 I'll depart soon.
    • もう出発した。 I already departed.
  2. This ている is not progressive. 終わる is an instant state-change verb (aka punctual verb) described here. "This planet is already (completely) finished."
  3. Yes this と is quotative. This と probably connects to a verb before this sentence. Sometimes the word order can be changed for emphasis like this. See: What does と mean in 「ここにおいで」と? Is there a verb such as 知っていた or 理解していた before this sentence?
  4. I don't think they're connected. "諦めてたまるもんですか…っ" is a fairly colloquial line, and it's unlikely to be a continuation of the sentence in question.
  • 3) kinda. The statement preceding this one was: そんな彼らの存在は私たちに現実を突きつけてくる. So と indicates that this (planet being done for) is the reality that they have to face. Jan 28, 2018 at 20:57
  • @4thDimension Ah yes, then this と connects to 現実を突きつける.
    – naruto
    Jan 30, 2018 at 3:33

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