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I was a little confused by the following sentence because 条件 is a regular noun, but looking at examples I see that it means "on the condition of [object]": 財政危機におちいっているギリシャは、 緊縮を条件に、ヨーロッパのほかの国から支援を受けています

I'm wondering, was there a verb that just isn't said anymore?

And I'm trying to think of other example constructs like it, but haven't come up with anything. Is this a common construct?

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    I think it's a contraction of 緊縮を条件に して, but I'm not positive.
    – istrasci
    May 24, 2012 at 17:47

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The same construct can be used with other nouns (but not every noun):

  • 緊縮を条件に支援を受ける to receive aid on the condition of austerity
  • 結婚を前提に交際する to go out with a person seriously with the idea of getting married
  • 利用者の意見を参考に使い勝手を改善する to improve usability taking the feedback from users into account
  • を中心にたくさんの商店が集まっている。 Centered around the station there are many stores. (This example is based on an example in “The meaning of and difference between ~を中心に and ~をめぐって” by cypher.)

In these examples, as istrasci wrote in a comment on the question, we could insert して after に. (I do not know if the version with して is the original form and the version without して is a contraction of it or not.) However, in the following similar-looking examples, this is not the case, so I am not sure if this captures the essence of the construct:

  • 来月中旬を[目処]{めど}にこの仕事を終わらせます。 I will finish this work by about the middle of next month. (This example is based on an example in Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary.)
  • オリンピックを最後に引退する to retire with the Olympic Games as the last event
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