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Hello. I've circled characters I cannot recognise. The top one looks like を but there is an actual をnext to it and it looks different. Why? The middle one is ゆ in my opinion. But I'm not sure about that. Why does it look different to the usual ゆ? And according to my research the bottom one is ず. But again I have to ask why is there another ずand it doesn't look like that? Thank you all for your answers!

  • 1
    Welcome to Japanese Language! Could you mention the source for the image to make this question more improved?
    – Andrew T.
    Jan 10, 2018 at 5:42

1 Answer 1


They're hentaigana, forms which were used before the 1900 script reform. From top to bottom: な、ゆ、ず.

list of alternative forms of kana



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