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I am trying to find the meaning and pronunciation of this kanji, but this kanji appears impossible to find.

  • 3
    What methods did you try? – dROOOze Jan 2 '18 at 17:20
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    If it exists, it can't be impossible to find — you just haven't looked in the right place... – Earthliŋ Jan 2 '18 at 18:58

学研 新漢和大辞典 lists this character as a variant of 灩. I reproduce parts of the entry here

[異体] 灔, [non-unicode character], 灎

[音] エン(エム)(呉)(漢)

[意味] ①《動》ただよう (ただよふ)。水がゆだかにたゆたう。②「灔澦堆【エンヨタイ】」とは、四川【シセン】省奉節県の西南、長江の瞿唐峡【クトウキョウ】の口にそそりたつ大岩石。付近は水流が急で、船の難所とされる。



  • [解字]会意兼形声。「水+音符豔エン(=艶。ゆたか)」。 is misleading. (1)「艶」does not have a reading of「ゆたか」, that refers to its left hand component「豊」only. (2) The「会意」classification only applies to definitions like「②月光が水にただよって光るさま。」, because「艶」means「つや」or「なまめかしい」, not 「ゆたか」. It's incorrect to say「会意兼形声」as the two classifications do not overlap in situations, just like you wouldn't say「象」, which can mean「かたち」, is「象形兼仮借」. – dROOOze Jan 2 '18 at 20:07
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    @droooze Thank you for your comment. The "category" 会意兼形声 seems to be a peculiarity of the 新大漢和辞典, used for 形声文字 whose "sound/voicing" component (here 豔) was chosen not at random, but rather for having a (possibly loose) connection with the character in question. I don't think that the dictionary claimed that ゆたか be a valid reading for 艶 — rather that the choice of 豔 as 形声 component could be associated with the meaning of ゆたか (either because 豔 itself has this meaning or because one of its components — here 豊 — does; 豊 is not read エン, so 豔 might just have been considered a fitting substitute). – Earthliŋ Jan 2 '18 at 20:49
  • That is indeed confusing, because 会意兼形声 is a valid categorisation for characters like「源」, as the history behind this character is very well known. In this example,「原」is known (not just have a loose connection with) to be the original form of「源」. – dROOOze Jan 2 '18 at 20:59
  • @droooze Before saying anything (else) wrong, let me look up what they 会意兼形声 means to them. – Earthliŋ Jan 2 '18 at 22:05
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    I've provided a reference to 会意兼形声 if you're interested. See i.stack.imgur.com/ktfnJ.jpg. – dROOOze Jan 3 '18 at 0:10

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