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As I understand it 若干 means 'some'. Can it be used the to substitute 少し when not talking about the specific quantity of more or less but using it as a vague descriptor like 'some'?

若干問題があった vs 少し問題があった。

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  • 若干 is more formal or literary than 少し.
  • 少し is "a little" or "small amount", whereas 若干 is closer to "some" or "certain amount". 若干の問題 is usually a little more serious than 少しの問題, but they may be interchangeable depending on the context.
  • Only 少し can mean "for a while". 少し話をする is okay but 若干話をする is not.
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    「若干話をする」は僕の語感ではダメではないですが、確かに「少しの間」という意味にはならないですね(「多少のことについて」みたいな感じ) – broccoli forest Dec 8 '17 at 2:09

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