I assume this is some sort of idiom or verbal tic, but i'm not 100% sure. Anybody care to help me out?

If you need context, this is the phrase: まだピチピチなんだからかんばらなきや


1 Answer 1


~なきゃ is a contraction of ~なければ. なきや could be a typo or unusual spelling of this.

~なければならない makes a verb imperative, for example

(I) must go

The ならない is often informally omitted.

In the case of your example sentence the verb is [頑張]{がんば}る, becoming 頑張らなきゃ to give the meaning "I must do my best"

  • I see, I'm still trying to understand informal contractions in Japanese. Thank you!
    – DivineRho
    May 13, 2012 at 13:08
  • @DivineRho No problem. For future reference also note the correct spelling of the verb がんばる :)
    – ジョン
    May 13, 2012 at 13:15
  • 4
    As a supplement, the omitted subject may not be “I.” So the sentence in the question may mean “You are still young, so work hard!” May 13, 2012 at 13:41
  • Splitting hairs here, and I may not even be right, but I thought ~なきゃ was a contraction of ~なくては. なくては -> なくちゃ -> なきゃ.
    – gibbon
    Jul 20, 2012 at 18:43
  • 2
    No, なくては only contracts to なくちゃ. Note similar examples to なきゃ for なければ, such as 悪けりゃ for 悪ければ.
    – Angelos
    Jul 11, 2015 at 12:23

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .