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I'm a little confused about some Japanese forms which seem rather similar to me and I'd like to understand the difference between them.よろしくお願いします!🙏

大人であれ\であろうと 子供であれ\であろうと 、 信号を無視してはいけない。it doesn't matter if it is an adult or a child, the signal must not be ignored.

This seems similar to the following sentences in meaning and usage:

  • 世田谷学校の生徒であろうが生徒じゃなかろうが、この授業を受けることができる。
  • 犬だろうが猫だろうが、母はペットを飼うことを許してくれない。
  • 合格の見込みがあろうがあるまいが、今はただ頑張るだけだ。
  • 私達は、持ちつ持たれつの関係だ。
  • Yes, and there's no particular difference. – user4092 Dec 1 '17 at 16:36
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    The last one seems to be an odd one out. – goldbrick Dec 2 '17 at 7:54
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I feel a little different nuance.

Aであれ\であろうと\だろうが、 Bであれ\であろうと\だろうが means "even if it would be A or B" and it would be close to "whatever it would be".

Aであろうがあるまいが\Aであろうがなかろうが means "whether A or not".

持ちつ持たれつ is an idiom which means "give‐and‐take".

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    "持ちつ持たれつ" describes interdependent relationships while "give-and-take" is more about making concessions to reach an agreement, I think. – goldbrick Dec 2 '17 at 8:03

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