In Japanese class, when you are confused about vocab or grammar or sentence structure, you ask the professor in English. But if you live in Japan and are communicating with Japanese natives who barely speak English, how would you ask about the language in Japanese?
For example, I already know some things like 「Aはどういう意味ですか？」to ask about the meaning of "A" and 「AとBの違いは何ですか？」to ask about the difference between A and B and 「Aっていう文例のもっと自然な言い方は何ですか？」to ask about a more natural way to say A.
But what about the more complicated questions, such as:
"In which situations would A be better to use instead of B, and vice versa?"
"What kind of nuances are emphasized with this choice of vocabulary usage?"
"So I can't use A here because B is a type of (preposition, transitive verb, gerund form, etc.) right?"
"How can I modify this sentence if I want sarcasm to be obvious to the listener?"
And what would be the natural way to inquire about these kind of topics? i.e. How would a Japanese person ask another Japanese person these questions?
Any example Japanese questions you can think of that can be used specifically to ask about how the language works would be greatly appreciated! I would ideally like to compile a list that anyone can use when they get confused while speaking with natives.
Learning more about Japanese by asking in Japanese and learning from Japanese explanations is so much better for true understanding than simply training your brain to mentally translate. よろしくお願いします！