Can someone tell me what the notation "ー・" means?

It's all over this article: 大辞林「いう【言う・云う・謂う】」


It simply means that it should be replaced by 言, 云 or 謂 in actual usage.

The notation is used exclusively in some dictionaries to avoid looking repetitive in giving example phrases/sentences for the entry word.

(Of course, one could argue that the use of the same notation over and over looks repetitive, too.)

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This dictionary definition, which you quoted, looks a bit half-baked.

Have a look at 大辞泉 for 話す.

It first defines the root (constant) part:


And then uses it in examples:



Where the part before the dot is constant and the ending is conjugated/inflected.

Back to the example from the question, it should define い・う for the examples to make sense.

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