As usual, I'm having trouble with this particle. Here's the sentence:


I don't understand. I would personally have written "私たちの知恵を挑戦する。". How is に effective here? Or is it one of those special verbs that can use に ?

  • 1
    挑戦する or 挑む are intransitive and equivalent to 行く in terms of case relation. – user4092 Nov 11 '17 at 6:00

This に has the nuance of the meaning of 対して, it may be close to "to" and "for". Dictionaries say 動作・作用の行われる対象・相手を表す.

We generally say to ~に挑戦する, not ~を挑戦する. Other examples are に近づく, に乗る, に行く, etc. Intransitive verbs don't take を as the object marker.

Of course, transitive verbs take を as the object marker as in 車を運転する.

Further, direct object takes を and indirect object takes に as in 彼にボールを投げた.


「挑戦{ちょうせん}する」 is an intransitive verb; therefore, it cannot take 「を」 as the object marker. It takes 「に」 instead.

Thus, 「私達の知恵に挑戦する」 means "to challenge our intelligence".

(The first part of your sentence 「誰にでもところに」 makes no sense, so I would not attempt at translating the whole sentence. You must have miscoppied that part.)

  • Haha, sorry. I will edit. If it is intransitive, can it take が ? In fact I'm a bit confused because I often see する verbs with the を particle. – Ushiromiya Nov 10 '17 at 13:54
  • I will be honest; You sound very confused about basic grammar points. Transitivity of a verb has nothing to do with the verb being a suru-verb or not. It just so happens that 挑戦する is intransitive. You need to memorize it one by one. The same goes for English; There is no secret formula. It is just part of language acquisition, mother tongue or foreign lingo. 「が」 has nothing to do with verb transitivity. If you see a が right in front of 挑戦する, that would be the subject marker. 「私がスノボに挑戦する。」= "I'll challenge snowboarding." – l'électeur Nov 10 '17 at 14:11

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