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Context: a girl and her parents are attacked, and her parents are killed before she is saved by someone. He apologizes (for being too late to save her parents) and then says this:

……せめて。せめてこれから君が苦しまなくて済むよう、君にお守りをつけておくよ。

I think he means something like: "At least I will wear a charm for you so that you don't need to suffer after this." (Or does he mean that she will wear it? I'm a little confused because of "君に" in the second half.)

After that he says:

こんなこと、俺に許されるのか分からないけど、それでも君が心配だから。

I don't really understand what he is trying to say in the middle part (embedded question?) because the verb is passive and he is the doer. So is he saying something like: "I don't know/understand if this situation (こんなこと? the fact that he didn't save her parents?) will be forgiven by myself, but..."? Or am I totally wrong about what he means? And does から at the end refer to the previous sentence about the charm? That he (or she?) will wear a charm because he is worried about her?

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……せめて。せめてこれから君{きみ}が苦{くる}しまなくて済{す}むよう、君にお守{まも}りをつけておくよ。

I think he means something like: "At least I will wear a charm for you so that you don't need to suffer after this." (Or does he mean that she will wear it? I'm a little confused because of "君に" in the second half.)

It is the listener, and not the speaker, who will be wearing a charm.

「君~~つける」 means "(I will) attach ~~ to you".

こんなこと、俺{おれ}に許{ゆる}されるのか分{わ}からないけど、それでも君が心配{しんぱい}だから。

I don't really understand what he is trying to say in the middle part (embedded question?) because the verb is passive and he is the doer.

He is not the doer. He is saying that he might not be permitted. The person who might or might not permit is the listener and not the speaker.

So is he saying something like: "I don't know/understand if this situation (こんなこと? the fact that he didn't save her parents?) will be forgiven by myself, but..."?

Sorry to keep replying negatively, but the answer is 'no' again. (You may be reading something that is way above your current Japanese proficiency.)

Judging from the context that you have given, the speaker is talking about whether he would be permitted to attach that charm to her without her consent. He is worried he might not be permitted to do so by her. Thus, 「こんなこと」 refers to the speaker attaching the charm to her.

(If, however, the larger and unprovided context suggests that 「こんなこと」 would refer to the fact that he didn't save her parents, you would need to show it to us. Normally, that would be much too serious a matter to describe as 「俺に許されるのか分からない」. What happened already happened. Why would he wonder if he would be allowed to let it happen after it happened?)

And does から at the end refer to the previous sentence about the charm? That he (or she?) will wear a charm because he is worried about her?

Yes, it does. It is like saying 「それでも心配だから, I did it. (= attached the charm to you)」.

It is very common to end a sentence with 「から」、「だから」、「ので」, etc. unlike in English.

  • Thank you for the explanation! It seems really obvious now... I am still very much a beginner but I wanted to try to read something I'm interested in. I guess I'll need to study a bit more first! – Sophizzle Oct 29 '17 at 13:06
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こんなこと、俺に許されるのか分からないけど、それでも君が心配だから。

I think "こんなこと" means "to put an amulet on you" not "the fact that he didn't save her parents".

So, my attempt is like "I don't know whether I'm allowed to put an amulet on you, but even so I'll do it because I'm worried about you."

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