1

Can に対して be replaced with に比べて sometimes?

For comparing things. Taishite seems to have other comparison uses that are more specific but kurabete seems more flexible for general comparison use?

5

Prescriptively speaking, no, but descriptively speaking, yes. It happens informally/colloquially and in certain contexts.

So, in what contexts? That is when 「~~に対{たい}して」 is used to describe a contrast between two (or more) facts/things. When it means "towards", however, it could never be replaced by 「~~に比{くら}べて」.

Examples:

You would see/hear:

「日本人男性{にほんじんだんせい}の平均靴{へいきんくつ}サイズが25センチであるのに比べて、オランダ人男性のそれは29センチである。」

"The average shoe size for Japanese men is 25cm. In contrast with that, that for Dutch men is 29cm."

Grammarians might prefer seeing/hearing 「に対して」 there instead, but who speaks to please grammarians in his daily conversations?

You would not see/hear:

「あの先生{せんせい}は学生{がくせい}に比べてとても厳{きび}しい。」

"That teacher is very strict with his students."

That sentence is just out of the question. You must use 「に対して」 there.

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