I've looked up a lot on how to use the feminine 終助詞 "-わ", but I still don't understand concretely grammatically where it is ok and where it is incorrect. I do not use it for multiple reasons, but I want to explain to someone how to grammatically use it properly.

Most often the person says "-くださいわ" which is incorrect. But why is it incorrect?

I've read the imabi page and the jp wikipedia page and they didn't help much. Is the -よ in "待ってくれよ" (like in a pleading tone) different from -よ in "美味しいですよ"?

わ usage at the end of sentences I've read this, but it is different because it asks about the meaning of its usage rather than the grammatical explanation of how it is used.

Please help!


Grammatically, わ always follows the dictionary form of a verb/i-adjective or だ. It never follows the imperative form and ~ください/~ちょうだい. (~ください is etymologically an imperative form.) As a feminine sentence-end particle, わ is used to state a fact or her own feeling with mild emphasis. Unlike わ, よ safely follows an imperative form.

  • 煙草をやめるわ。 I will quit smoking.
  • 煙草をやめたわ。 I quit smoking. (past tense)
  • 煙草をやめたいわ。 I want to quit smoking.
  • 煙草をやめて欲しいわ。 I want you to quit smoking.
  • [*]煙草をやめてくださいわ。: (incorrect; やめてくださいよ is okay)
  • [*]煙草をやめろわ。: (incorrect; やめろよ is okay)
  • 鳥だわ。: (Oh,) It's a bird.
  • 綺麗だわ。: It's beautiful.

Also note that this type of feminine わ is becoming rare in real conversations in standard Japanese, although it's still common in fiction. わ is also very common in Kansai speech and other western dialects regardless of sex.

  • As a side anecdote I have had male adult friends in Tokai and Kansai who use this otherwise feminine ending expression. – keithmaxx Oct 3 '17 at 6:59
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    narutoさんの説明されたような実生活では使われず、創作の中で使われる言葉を「役割語」といいます。「役割語」については、次の書籍が参考になると思います。「ヴァーチャル日本語 役割語の謎 (もっと知りたい!日本語)」 amazon.co.jp/dp/400006827X – Hiro Oct 3 '17 at 7:17
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    @keithmaxx If the intonation is not rising but falling one, then it's not feminine わ from the beginning regardless of places. – user4092 Oct 3 '17 at 15:13

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