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Difference between ではありません and ありません. When do I need to add the では in front of ありません?

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ありません is the negative polite form of あります. You use it to describe that something "doesn't exist". Ex.:

ここに車がありません。 There are no cars here.

ではありません on the other hand, acts as the negative form of です. Ex.:

私は猫ではありません。 I'm not a cat.

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ではありません

is meant to express something isn't, while

ありません

is meant to express the lack of or nonexistence of something (if concrete, something immobile).

学校ではありません。 (It's) not a school.

学校ありません。 There's no school.

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