Consider the phrase: The Winters of Quebec are cold.
I understand that the correct form is
Since a possessive form is involved here (the Winters of Quebec), why is
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Both sentences are fine. They only have slightly different meaning, and you would use one or the other depending on context, for example:
Ex.1: "Where do you live?" "I live in Quebec" "Winters are cold in Quebec, aren't they?"
(ケベックは冬が寒いですね - "As for Quebec, winters are cold" - The topic is Quebec, something that have came up in the conversation, and the speaker elaborates on that topic suggesting that it has cold winters)
Ex.2: "It's winter now in Quebec" "Winters are cold in Quebec, aren't they?"
(ケベックの冬は寒いですね - "As for Winters of Quebec, they're cold" - The topic is "winters of Quebec", which have just came up in the conversation, and the speaker elaborates on that topic suggesting they're cold)