When is -の used for a question and what is the exact meaning
(nj) = (Native Japanese speaker)
- (njs): 学校に行くの?
- (me): いいえ、学校は行きません。
- (njs): 自分でやるの？
- (me): 自分やります。
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の is a more casual/friendly way to ask a question when ですか or Vますか would feel a little bit too polite. You can think of it as ん(の)ですか without the ですか part. For instance:
These sentences have the exact same meaning but the first one is much more formal. Note that 学校に行くか is a bit harsher and more rarely used.
Also, Nounですか becomes Nounなの？ You need the な otherwise it means "the one of [Noun]?". You will also need the な if you are connecting a な-adjective.