Back to basics. Sometimes I see something that undoes everything I think I know.

I know that you are always busy.

Which of the above is correct? I have seen several instances of 分かる used with と, but I'm confused because nothing is being quoted, either directly or indirectly when using this verb.

When/is it ever correct to use と分かっています if there isn't an implied verb like 思う/言う etc. in between.

  • 1
    @naruto beat me to it so I'll just give some examples from dictionaries (to confirm it's grammatically correct): 「だめだと分かっていながら」(広辞苑); 「私はそれが良いことでないと分かっている。」 「私はもっと英語を話す事が必要だと分かっている。」(Weblio 例文辞典)
    – Chocolate
    Jul 24 '17 at 4:14


Grammatically speaking, both are perfectly correct. The quotative particle と can be used with many verbs like 知る, 分かる, 見なす, 認識する and 捉える. Another simpler example:

I bought it knowing it's expensive.

In ordinary conversations, perhaps people prefer ~と simply because it's shorter. ~ことを is preferred in formal or complicated sentences. And you can omit 私は and topicalize the nominalized こと-part instead:


  • DV入りましたね・・・でDVする理由は言われないですね(自分は聞くくせに)。分かりやすいわー
    – Chocolate
    Jul 25 '17 at 22:53


I don't really know why but what I really feel natural is either


However, sometimes or some of us would omit things in spoken language. I'm sensing though that more people shorten to only と, for example, instead of という, and I myself feel somewhat uneasy with these expressions.  

[Edit to add]

分かる is, by the way, one of some verbs that take が to indicate the theme, and, in this case, the theme is the object of the verb, 分かる.

We don't say ものごとを分かる, though we say ものごとを理解する.
There are some verbs that takes が to indicate the object; 計算ができる, 海が好き, etc. For some of them, を is barely acceptable, but が sounds just the right instead.

分かる | デジタル大辞泉)

1-2 希望・好悪・能力などの対象を示す。「水が飲みたい」「紅茶が好きだ」「中国語が話せる
| 同上)

  • Thanks for the extra info. I remembered that 分かる normally takes が after I'd posted the question. I'm surprised you're the only person to mention it. Jul 25 '17 at 15:17

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