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Why is there a に particle here? I dont see it fitting any of the roles I know for it (indirect object, indicating a source or agent, frequency, a specific point in time, purpose, direction of action, location of existence..)

4

There are two possible interpretations. One is a specific point in time, that is, "in (the moment of) the crisis".

The other is a marker to indicate the background for the object in your view. e.g. (1) 壁模様が見える: a pattern is seen against on the wall. (2) 夕日映える雲: clouds that manifest against the sunset.

-4

に: the roles I know for it (indirect object, indicating a source or agent, frequency, a specific point in time, purpose, direction of action, location of existence..)

Oh, so many and complicated...

大ピンチに in a great pinch (maybe "source" or "indirect or third or fourth object"? My 2 cents is に is just a に or 助詞, suck it up)

勝機が見えた saw a chance of victory (direct object)

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