9

そんなトコで何ばしよる。

I'm reading a manga and from the context of the pictures I think this sentence reads, "What are you doing up there," but I have no idea what part ば plays. The character speaks in a dialect so my confusion could be a result of that, but any help would be much appreciated.enter image description here

7

is the accusative particle used in wide area of (northern, as I remember) Kyushu as much as を in Standard Japanese. Etymologically it's from を + は contracted but no longer has share the は sense in Standard Japanese, as we can see that it's able to mark the question word (thanks to @user4092).

そんなトコで何ばしよる。

means

そんなとこで何をしてる(んだ)。

or a bit more textbook-friendly,

そんなところで何をしている(のだ)。

  • It's present in various other dialects than Kyushu dialects, such as Hokkaido, Sendai, Niigata, Tottori. Together with the しよる it is however clear that the speaker is likely from Kyushu. It is as you say, more or less equal to を in standard Japanese, but can have a slightly emphasized nuance. – bjorn Apr 21 '17 at 9:17
  • 1
    It's not so much that that dialectal は has lost the original meaning as the one seen in current Standard Japanese has changed. I find no difference from the old usage in the points that it agrees with the attributive form and makes the sentence emphatic or a rhetoric question. – user4092 Apr 21 '17 at 12:33
  • @bjorn Do you mean the accusative ば? Sorry if I'm missing something as obviously I'm not specialized in dialectology. – broccoli forest Apr 21 '17 at 12:39
  • @user4092 まさしくその通りだと思います。ありがとうございます。 – broccoli forest Apr 21 '17 at 12:39
0

そんなトコで何ばしよる。

ば is said in place of を.

The standard expression for the whole phrase is そのような場所{ばしょ}で何をしているのか.

It seems that the phrase is uttered by an old woman in Kyushu 九州{きゅうしゅう}Island.

  • 3
    This usage is not gender-specific and is used by men and women more or less equally. – bjorn Apr 21 '17 at 9:11
  • @bjorn From this sentence given by the questioner Anthony Hardman, I conjectured that this phrase has a nuance of minding another person, and also I conjectured that the character in the manga to be a woman because the tendency to mind another person is more common in old women than old men in Japan. – mackygoo Apr 21 '17 at 10:35

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