2

I've come across this sentence 「暑い……こんな日に上着なんて掛けられたら怒鳴りつけちまうぜ」, which I think might roughly translate to "It's too hot to be wearing a coat on a day like this, though if (I) were to take it off, (I'd) be shouted at!"

Would 掛けられたら translate to if (I) would take off? I've only learnt it in the context 'To hang' as in a picture. I'm still around N5 but られたら conjugations are the most confusing to me.

Thank you.

3

「暑{あつ}い……こんな日{ひ}に上着{うわぎ}なんて掛{か}けられたら怒鳴{どな}りつけちまうぜ。」

「掛けられたら」 here is passive voice, namely the famous "suffering passive". A person does something to you and you are not happy about it. You would not 怒鳴りつけちまう ("yell out loud") if you were not suffering, would you?

The three usages of 「れる・られる」 is explained here. Only the context will tell which one of the three meanings 「れる・られる」 is being used for. Please remember that Japanese is an incredibly contextual language. Had you asked just "What does 掛けられたら mean?", no one could have answered. Without any context, it could mean honorific, potential or passive voice.

"I would yell out loud if someone put a jacket on me on such a hot day like this."

I did no use the passive voice structure in my translation. You could replace the "if someone put a jacket on me" part by "if I were made to wear a jacket".

  • That makes sense, thank you for explaining it and for the link. – Shiro Apr 15 '17 at 0:47

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.