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From Hirameki Hatsume-chan Vol 1, chapter 71 How does the sentence in the third panel translate, and who is doing what to whom? Is it a potential and the どうぐ is "enabling" him to have good dreams or is it passive and the 見る verb used to mean "show"?

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[(私が/人が)いい夢を見られる]道具
A tool [with which (I/people) can see a good dream]

いい夢を見られる is a relative clause modifying 道具.
Its non-relative equivalent would be:

道具(私が/人が)いい夢を見られる。
With a tool, (I/people) can see a good dream.

So the 見られる is potential. Its subject can be "I", "we", "you" or "people" who will have a good dream using that tool. The particle で goes missing when you turn the sentence into the relative clause.

Compare:

  • 私がペン使った。-- I used the pen.
    → [私が使った]ペン -- the pen that I used (を goes missing)

  • 道具火を起こす。 -- (I) start a fire with a tool.
    → [火を起こす]道具 -- a tool with which (I) start a fire (で goes missing)

  • きれいな字が書ける。 -- (I) can write beautiful characters with a brush.
    → [きれいな字が書ける]筆 -- the brush with which (I) can write beautiful characters. (で goes missing)

  • How do you figure out what the modified noun would do in the original sentence, or do you just go by what makes the most sense in the context ? – TheComputerist Apr 14 '17 at 16:43
  • @TheComputerist You'd have to just go with what makes the most sense. For more on this topic, you can refer to this thread: japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/14541/… – Chocolate Apr 15 '17 at 9:42
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How does the sentence in the third panel translate?
いい夢{ゆめ}を見{み}られる道具{どうぐ}か・・・

Well, this is an instrument that enables you to have good dreams...

who is doing what to whom?

道具 is enabling the person who uses/possesses the 道具 to have good dreams.

Is it a potential and the どうぐ is "enabling" him to have good dreams or is it passive and the 見る verb used to mean "show"?

It is a potential and the どうぐ is "enabling" him to have good dreams.

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