My friend correct one of my essay sentences from:




What is the difference between them and why is は better? Is it used for emphasis and if so why?

  • 1
    How do you understand your original sentence?
    – siikamiika
    Apr 5, 2017 at 19:49
  • After I graduate from university, I will return to Japan and study for the sake of taking JLPT1
    – Tyler H
    Apr 5, 2017 at 20:12

1 Answer 1


In the first sentence, 大学を卒業した後(で) is not marked with は, which means that part is a new information or the focus of the remark, in other words, it's like an answer to question "when do you go back to Japan and study for JPT1?". If you explicit it, you can express it as "it's after I graduate from my college that I go back to Japan and study for JPT1".

In the second sentence, 大学を卒業した後 is marked with は*, which means it's a shared information or a precondition for the new information (日本へ帰って…勉強する), and you can think of it as a kind of answer to a question "what will you do after graduating from your college?".

*. More accurately, the point is it being the topic of the sentence. Being marked with は is only one of several ways to express that.

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