Can you use adverbs with declarative clauses? You know, when you complete a clause with い-adjective or a noun and だ、or です particle? Can they take adverbs?


彼がとても元気ですね? (He's quite lively, isn't he?)

彼女がとてもかわいい。 (She's vary cute.)

Are adverbs allowed in these cases? Or are they limited to being used in clauses who's copula is based on a proper verb?

  • 1
    naruto already mentioned and I add why. 彼がとても元気ですね 彼女がとてもかわいい are meaning "They usually don't look healthy or cute but now/today they do" with ...が〜.
    – user20428
    Commented Apr 3, 2017 at 0:54

1 Answer 1


彼はとても元気です and 彼女はとてもかわいい make perfect sense, as well as とても元気な彼 or とてもかわいい彼女. (Use は instead of が!)

For 'noun + copula' sentences like 彼は学生だ, using とても doesn't make sense. Still, you can use many other adverbs:

  • 彼は絶対学生だ。 He is definitely a student.
  • 明日はきっと雨だ。 It will certainly rain tomorrow.
  • 彼女はときどき会社員で、ときどき学生だ。 She is sometimes an office worker and sometimes a student.
  • お父さんはいつも会社です。 My father is always at work. (see this)
  • そろそろ春だ。 Spring is coming.

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