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In English the word "manga" is used to refer to Japanese comics. I would like to know if this word is similar to "anime", where westerns use it only for "Japanese" animation (in a broad sense since several "Japanese" animations are produced in Japan but animated on Korea or other country) or does it mean comics in general? Is a fanfic japanese comic a "manga" or does it have to be paid and officially released to be "manga"?

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漫画/マンガ in Japanese is close to comic in English. It's a generic term that safely includes, for example, Peanuts and Spider-Man. It doesn't have to be released commercially, and even a 10-year-old boy can draw 漫画. It usually consists of many pages and frames (コマ), but when a picture has a balloon and a "story", people sometimes call it a (1コマ)漫画.

アニメ also is a word that includes foreign cartoons such as Disney's movies.

  • Very interesting how the word アニメ includes any cartoon then in other cultures refers to japanese cartoons because the word itself is japanese. I think it's the same with 刀 and other words about swords. I'll do a topic about it if there isn't any yet. – Destal Apr 1 '17 at 23:02

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