Apartments and buildings have bars placed on them outside of the windows and I wanted to know what they are called. Thank you.


If you mean something like this, it's called 手【て】すり or specifically 窓手すり (for preventing an accidental fall):

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格子 looks like this (for preventing an escape or invasion):

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「格子{こうし}」 would be the generic word.

Use 「鉄格子{てつごうし}」 if they are made of iron.

Use 「アルミ格子{ごうし}」 if they are made of aluminum.

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