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I researched the terms on jisho.org and found two words, 印鑑 and 判子, used to mean 'seal'. I want to clarify my understanding because I am assuming that an 印鑑 is used to make the 判子. What is the name of the device used to imprint the seal and what is the impression called?

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Both 判子 and 印鑑 almost always refer to devices to make an impression. They are typically made of wood, ivory, metal, etc. English seal refers to both such seal-making devices and the impressions made by such devices. In Japanese, the most common word to refer to the impression made by such a device is 印影.

Strictly speaking, however, 印鑑 can refer to 印影 (impression) especially in the legal language. The original meaning of the kanji 鑑 is something like "evidence" or "identity". So at least technically speaking, one might say a 判子 can make a 印鑑. But an 印鑑 never makes a 判子.

判子 and 印鑑 are usually interchangeable, but 印鑑 only refers to ones used to seriously authenticate yourself. 判子 is a more casual term and it can also refer to rubber stamps or stamps like these.

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