I received the following (partial) message from B先生, my previous teacher, after going through a JLPT class with C先生 and passing the N2 exam. How should I interpret the bolded sentence?


The って at the back confuses me. To me, it can mean either one of these two things:

  1. Quotation particle って, in which case the quote doesn't make sense to me (shouldn't it be something like 頑張っていたって?)

  2. Te-form of 頑張る, in which case it signals a request (so is she asking me to work hard for N1?)

  • It's your option 2.
    – user3526
    Feb 16, 2017 at 6:17

2 Answers 2


Maybe I'm having trouble understanding your English, but って here is not related to quotation. 

Instead, it's a command form of 頑張る



= 頑張る is a 五段動詞

Then there's the command forms for it:

頑張れ - do your best

頑張って - do your best

頑張ろう - let's do our best

  • Hm, but the sentence starts with C先生になんでも聞いて, which seems to suggest that it's not a がんばってください! ... or am I mistaken?
    – rhyaeris
    Feb 13, 2017 at 1:39
  • 2
    @rhyaeris This text was written as if talking, so don't try too hard to look too for proper written Japanese in there. Also, I don't see how the first part prevent the second part from being command form. The sentence says : "Ask the teacher anything, and try your best to pass the test!" Feb 13, 2017 at 1:49
  • @stack reader I see; thank you! Upon checking the definition of なんでも I get the following: "I am told; I understand; they say; I hear. —At start of sentence." This prevented me from seeing the って as a command/request. If you were to write your comment as an answer I'll gladly provide credit!
    – rhyaeris
    Feb 13, 2017 at 4:22
  • Think of なんでも as なん + でも (何でも), so like, "No matter what it is, ask C-sensei, and do your best so that you may pass the test!" I would recommend doing some language exchanges and switching to a J-J dictionary, as that may really benefit your study!
    – Nicholas
    Mar 16, 2017 at 10:32

"て(って)" of "頑張って" can be understood as te-form connecting verb sentences.

" Do your best to pass the examination and enjoy your meaningfull college life."
can be abbreviated to

I'm wondering why you didn't ask this question C先生. (^^)

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