What are the correct terms for:

attribute (a part of sentence) as a word or phrase that is syntactically subordinate to another and serves to limit, identify, particularize, describe, or supplement the meaning of the form with which it is in construction?

adverbial (or adverbial modifier) - a word or phrase functioning as an adverb.

For an attribute I could only find 属性{ぞくせい} and 限定{げんてい} and for adverbial 副詞句{ふくしく} and 副詞節{ふくしせつ}. Are these terms commonly used in the linguistic community?

Also, what is a term for "part of sentence"? I know part of speech is 品詞{ひんし}, but cannot find how to say "part of sentence". Is 文の部分 an appropriate term?

1 Answer 1


I'm not 100% sure, but...

For attribute I think you might be looking for [修飾語]{しゅう・しょく・ご}; for adverbial, [付加語]{ふ・か・ご} or [副詞類]{ふく・し・るい}.

For part of sentence, [文]{ぶん}の[成分]{せい・ぶん} is what you want.

Check out the Wikipedia entry for 文の成分.

  • I am afraid the term adjunct includes both attribute and adverbial: dictionary.com/browse/adjunct
    – user1602
    Feb 2, 2017 at 23:03
  • @user1602: 🤔 What? You did not mention the word "adjunct" in your question...
    – istrasci
    Feb 2, 2017 at 23:28
  • But you used it in you answer :) 付加語
    – user1602
    Feb 2, 2017 at 23:43
  • @user1602: Oh, I did not notice that in the Wikipedia page.
    – istrasci
    Feb 2, 2017 at 23:50

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