In the examples below what does 中 stand for and how is it pronounced?




Is 中 attached to the verb (I thought it can be attached like this only to nouns), or is it separate from it (if so why isn't there の between them) or is something else the case here?


The pronunciation is "naka(なか)," "中{なか}."

"中{なか}" = during, while or "・・・in blowing strong wind", "・・・in advancing southwards".

= 「強い風が吹きつける」+「中=during or while」
= 強い風が吹きつける最中

  • Probably should be marked as answer. By the way, how does 中 compare to ~ている(時に)? The former is shorter as a noun phrase + particle, but I also see 中 at the end of sentences, where there isn't much difference.
    – mudri
    Apr 27 '17 at 9:08

As mentioned already, 中 also means "during or while" and pronounciation is "naka".

However, 中 sometimes includes Contradictory conjunction nuance. So, the first exapmle means that 20 mens dived to sea though or despite of strong wind.

~ている(時に) doesn't have such a nuance. It just means while or during.

The second example's 中 is almost same as "while" (not including contradictory conjuction nuance)

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