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6 years, 2 months ago
Need more clarity on short forms.
As per my understanding all phrase will give same meaning.
"Must do". I know this is very basic question but need to get more clarity on short forms, because in most of the conversion they are using short forms and not able to understand some times.
やらなきゃいけない is short form of やらなければいけません
やらなきゃならない is short form of やらなければなりません
Is my understaind correct?
Please also explain related short forms.
Jan 25, 2017 at 7:13
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やらなきゃ is a contracted/collapsed form of やらなければ.
いけません and なりません are the polite forms of いけない and ならない, respectively.
きゃいけない (or ～いけません in polite form) is a contracted form of やらな ければいけない (or ～いけません in polite form). Same goes with the ～ならない/～なりません versions.
We also have:
くてはいけない/ならない (or ～いけません/～なりません in polite form) やらな
くちゃいけない/ならない (contracted form of やらなくてはいけない/ならない) やら
ないといけない (or ～いけません in polite form) やら
ねばならない (or ～なりません in polite form) ← sounds a bit literary/stiff
People will sometimes use だめ (+ だ、です etc.) instead of いけない/ならない etc.
In colloquial speech you'd also hear shortened forms such as:
やらなきゃ。(shortened/contracted form of やらなければならない/いけない)
やらなくちゃ。(shortened/contracted form of やらなくてはならない/いけない)
やらないと。(shortened form of やらないといけない)
やらねば。(shortened form of やらねばならない) ← less common in casual speech
Jan 25, 2017 at 8:01
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