is translated as
only one person came
on page 6-14 of "Learn to Read in Japanese" by Lake and Ura.
Could this also be read as "he/she came alone?" or is there a phrase that is more suited to that purpose?
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can only mean:
"Only one person came."
It cannot mean "He/She came alone." To mean that, we say:
(I used 「その人」 because it is not common at all to use third-person pronouns in Japanese.)
To emphasize the "alone" part, we also often say: