I was writing a small essay about comfort dogs given to veterans. I had my friend review it for mistakes and they made this correction:


They said that it is more understandable with the こと at the end. Could someone explain why please?

Thank you.

  • 1
    What do you want to say (in English), and what was your initial attempt? While this is certainly a grammatical Japanese sentence, no one can tell if the correction was legitimate.
    – naruto
    Commented Jan 20, 2017 at 2:23
  • Oh sorry, I understand now why it is used. This question can be closed. The final こと is just nominalizing the countries intent.
    – Tyler H
    Commented Jan 21, 2017 at 7:02

2 Answers 2


The final こと nominalizes the


part of the sentence.


but without the こと it is as if you are saying the intent is doing the action.


I believe こと is used here to create a noun phrase. Turning なぐさめる from a verb into a noun. This only applies with the dictionary form of Japanese verbs. The meaning between this and: 


are almost identical, but as your friend said, its easier to understand.

Hope this helps! 8)

  • I agree about the noun phrase thing, but also think that adding こと makes the meaning much more clear. Without こと it isn't entirely clear whether the country's goal was specifically to have the dogs console their soldiers or if that was just the outcome of whatever intent they had.
    – vel
    Commented Jan 19, 2017 at 22:09
  • 2
    「お国の意図はその犬が兵士をなぐさめます。」 は、文法的におかしいです。「意図は」の述語がありません。
    – chocolate
    Commented Jan 20, 2017 at 9:44
  • @vel I'm still learning myself, and that makes much more sense!
    – Charlie
    Commented Jan 20, 2017 at 10:55

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