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I am new to japanese and I want to know how to find the differences between words that are pronounced the exact same way. So lets say there was a word in Hiragana and a word in Katakana, both pronounced the same way. And i was have a general conversation with a Japanese person, how would we know the difference between them

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    How would you answer this question if someone asked you about two English words that are pronounced the same way but have different meanings? – snailboat Dec 27 '16 at 20:20
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Context.

For example, きかい can mean either "machine" (機械) or "opportunity" (機会). You can come up with some sort of sentence that includes one of them, and it may be ambiguous:

自己紹介{じこしょうかい}するきかいがなかった。

When spoken (or written in kana), this sentence can mean one of two things:

  • I didn't have a chance to introduce myself.
  • There was no machine that introduces itself.

Hopefully it should be obvious which one it is, especially when given a context.

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