Shall we treat [物の怪]{もののけ} (a kind of ghost) as animate or inanimate? Does it vary for the different ghosts?

  • 2
    Animacy in linguistic sense basically means if it can move by itself.
    – user4092
    Nov 4, 2016 at 15:10

2 Answers 2


We can say "物の怪がいる", we don't use ある at all with 物の怪, 幽霊, 妖怪, お化け, and so on. So I guess we treat them as animate.


If you do a google search for 幽霊{ゆうれい} and ある you will find many hits with "いる” instead.

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