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I was listening a conversation where a guy said そろそろ 失礼します。
I also heard inflections like 失礼しました。

Google translate : 失礼します == Excuse me.
is it correct ?

What is the proper meaning and usage cases for 失礼します ?

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失礼 is used in many situations.
It can be used as an apology, which is the original meaning of the word. But it can also be used as a greeting when entering or leaving a room or a place.
It is very common for workers to leave the workplace by greeting the other co-coworkers with
お先に失礼します。(o-saki ni shitsurei shimasu)

It can also be used as a greeting when finishing a phone conversation.

It can be used just like in English to start a conversation:
失礼ですが... (excuse me...)

http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/jn/98858/meaning/m0u/
https://careerpark.jp/77267

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    My colleagues say お先に失礼します everyday before leaving office. Now I understood. Thanks. – Hassan Tareq Oct 28 '16 at 7:21
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    FYI, in English "greeting" is only used for words used when meeting, not parting. I'm not sure if there's a one-word term for parting words in English. – Igor Skochinsky Oct 28 '16 at 9:20
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There are many ways to use it.
失礼 means rude.

そろそろ 失礼します。

Probably means

"I will be leaving soon"

It is used a lot when you finish your day at work for example.
I guess in a way it means that you will do the rudeness of leaving before the others.

失礼しました

means

I did something rude

And can be used in many ways. For example, you could say it after you got corrected after saying something wrong making a mistake.

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