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ダメだよ花咲、先生に見つかったら色々ヤバいんだからさ

So from what I understand the に takes the meaning of "by" only when used with a passive form. That is when used with passive form the person/object etc marked by に is the one doing the action directly or indirectly.

And when there's no passive form the action is being directed toward the person/object marked by に.

In this case however there is no passive yet it still takes the meaning "by"

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  • This one is also related: What is the difference between 捕まえられた and 捕まった? – naruto Oct 24 '16 at 17:49
  • I think this is a good question to me. So let me answer. – user7644 Oct 24 '16 at 22:49
  • uhm......how I can answer to this question????? – user7644 Oct 24 '16 at 22:51
  • @gz6p Only what I can say here in this short column is this is the intransive verb of "見つける”. When the verb takes the intransive form, it becomes "passive." See here link, fontomanie saying, 先生{せんせい}【に】見つかる:他動詞{たどうし}から派生{はせい}した被動的自動詞{ひじゅどうてきじどうし}, translated, "the derivative form of the verb, 見つける, which is 被受動的自動詞{ひじゅどうてきじどうし}( Sorry, there is no exact corresponding translation. ) – user7644 Oct 24 '16 at 22:59
  • As well, fontmanie continues to say, it = 被受動的自動詞{ひじゅどうてきじどうし} is kind of a "shortned" form of the verb of the transitive verb "見つける”, to find, when it becomes that derivative intransitive, the "subject" would become hard to be expressed. ( Here, who "found" 花咲 is, the teacher. ) Thank you. – user7644 Oct 24 '16 at 23:04

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