5

他にいいものがたくさんあるけど、やっぱりこれにする。

"There are a lot of other good things, but as I thought I'll go with this one"

What is the に particle doing here? Is it turning 他 into an adjective? I understand that いいもの means good thing but I can't figure out why they wrote 他にいいもの instead of 他いいもの.

10

[他]{ほか} is a noun. And it can be used alone as a noun; example from 明鏡国語辞典:

「ここには[見当]{みあ}たらないから、どこか[他]{ほか}を[捜]{さが}そう。」

It can also be used adverbially; from 明鏡国語辞典:

「[会長]{かいちょう}[他]{ほか}[三名]{さんめい}が[出席]{しゅっせき}」
「[文書]{ぶんしょ}をもってする[他]{ほか}、[口頭]{こうとう}でも[説明]{せつめい}する」

Since 他 is a noun, 他 can modify nouns / noun phrases adjectivally... like 「[別]{べつ}の + [部屋]{へや}」「[右]{みぎ}の + [箱]{はこ}」 etc., as in:

[他]{ほか}の[人]{ひと} -- other people / someone else
他のもの -- other things / something else

And 他 can modify verbs adverbially... like 「別に + する (= 分ける)」「[左右]{さゆう}に + [振]{ふ}る」 etc., as in the examples from 明鏡国語辞典:

「何か他に[必要]{ひつよう}なものはありませんか」(Do you need anything other than that?)
「[釣]{つ}りの他に、カメラが好きだ」(Besides fishing, I like taking photos.)

So, going back to your sentence...

他にいいものがたくさんあるけど・・・

The 他に ("other than that" / "beside that") modifies the verb ある ("exist" → "There are") adverbially. So it literally means "Although there are a lot of good things other than that...", hence the translation "There are a lot of other good things, but...".


instead of 他いいもの

[他]{ほか} is a noun, so you can't just connect a noun 「他」 + a noun phrase 「いいもの」.
You'd say 「他の + いいもの」 to literally say "other + good things".

  • Thanks a lot for this answer, you always clears the matter plus insights other things that i may not know or remember, thanks!!! – Felipe Oliveira Oct 3 '16 at 6:29
2

他にいいもの is better than 他のいいもの. Other expressions are 他にも, 他のもの. 他に is an adverb, the meaning of 他に are besides, without. So に add at 他.

  • What does 他 alone means? Like 静か is quiet and it becomes the adverb quietly, 嬉しい as happy and then 嬉しく as happily. But other than becomes otherly? It does not make sense to me, sorry. Could you explain it a bit further? Thanks – Felipe Oliveira Oct 1 '16 at 2:32
  • 他 is never used alone. Also 静 of 静か. "otherly" is very good. – Takahiro Waki Oct 1 '16 at 2:36
  • So I just consider it an adverb, period? It's a bit odd when I think in that using Portuguese or English logic but so far learning Japanese I've noticed that many things have a whole different logic. Thank you for the help :) – Felipe Oliveira Oct 1 '16 at 2:40

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.